How can negative behavior be addressed?

The ABC Chart

The ABC chart is a data collection sheet used to determine possible causes for a particular negative behavior. ABC stands for antecedent, behavior and consequence. The information collected can help to address certain repetitive negative behavior. The antecedent to the behavior is what occurs right before the negative behavior. This is not necessarily the specific trigger for the incident but it can be an indicator of what is going on. The behavior itself is recorded then the consequence for the behavior is written on the chart as well. While this seems quite straight forward it does require keen observation as well as some thought. The events that are recorded on the ABC chart are always objective and measurable. The individual collecting data should not interpret the events or add emotionally-charged language in the chart. For example an incorrect entry would look like: Antecedent= child didn't want to sit Behavior= child got mad about being told to sit Consequence= child had a tantrum but had to sit anyway These statements are emotionally charged and they think for the child. The ABC chart is not a summary of the observer's conclusions. It is a collection of observable behavior. The correct approach would be: Antecedent= Child was directed to "come sit" Behavior = Child threw himself on the floor, kicking and screaming. Consequence= Child was physically prompted to take his seat. The second example presents the events in an objective, observable manner. If the behavior is repeated and the information is recorded accurately, the team can determine the cause of the negative behavior. This is not always as simple as it seems. The child may engage in a behavior at a certain time of the day, no matter what activity he is completing. There might be a fragrance or a sound that others might not notice that is aggravating the situation as well. The child may also engage in the behavior for the consequence. For example, the child may like the sensory feedback of the therapist saying, "nope" each time he acts out. He may feel the need to repeat the ritual of running to the corner and whining before each drill. There are many reasons that a child will engage in a certain negative behavior. Finding the source of the problem usually takes some time.

Autism Frequently Asked Questions

What are common signs of autism?

Are there early signs of autism?

What is autism?

What is PDD?

What are the five pervasive developmental disorders?

What is discrete trial?

What is positive reinforcement?

What is negative reinforcement?

What is picture exchange communication system?

How is funding from foundations distributed?

What is the Autism Research Institute?

What is the Doug Flutie Jr. Foundation?

What grants and programs are offered by the Doug Flutie, Jr. Foundation?

What is the Autism Society of America Foundation?

What scholarships are available through ASA?

What is the Special Needs Trust for Autism

What is the Autism Scholarship Program?

How can sign language help in the community setting?

How are visual schedules used in community settings?

Can PECS be used effectively in the community setting?

How are social stories used to prepare for a community setting?

What is safety awareness?

How do families prepare for outings in the community setting.

What different educational settings are available for autisitc children?

What is IDEA?

What is an IEP?

What is the therapist's role in the classroom setting.

How does a therapist encourage the child to pay attention in class?

How can teachers help students make smooth transitions between activities?

How are social goals addressed in the school setting?

What are visual teaching strategies?

Are there basic tips for teachers who have autisitic students in their classrooms?

Are there books about autism in the classroom?

What problems are in the home environment?

What is Wraparound in the home?

How is communication addressed in the home environment?

What are some strategies to encourage compliant behavior at home?

How can families deal with negative behavior in the home?

What is non-negotiable behavior?

Why are self help skills a challenge in the home environment

What are sensory issues?

Why do some researchers think that autism may be genetic?

What chromosomes are thought to be linked to autistic disorder?

What is mid technology?

How is technology used in the treatment of autism?

What is video modeling?

What are the benefits of using technology in the treament of autism?

Are there drawbacks to using technology in the treatment of autism?

What is the focus of treatments for autism?

What is ABA?

What is the floortime treatment approach?

What is fluency?

What is RDI?

Should the same interventions be used in all cases of autism?

When did autism emerge on the scene of psychology?

What is the DSM-IV?

What are self stimulatory behaviors?

What are sensory systems?

How are sensory integration activities used?

What is the Son Rise Program?

What is the difference between a behavioral and analytical approach?

What is echolalia?

What is TV talk?

When is echolalia used as communication?

Is negative behavior ever a promising occurance?

How can choices help to increase compliant behavior?

How can negative behavior be addressed?

What is the Theory of Mind?

Are there new findings in autism research?

How can I manage a sibling relationship when one has autism?

Not finding the advice and tips you need on this Autism Tip Site? Request a Tip Now!

Guru Spotlight
Tammi Reynolds
Buy My Book