What is the DSM-IV?
Autism is a neurological disorder marked by pervasive developemental delays in speech, social, motor, and cognitive skills. Currently, the most widely recognized diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorders is found in the DSM-IV (Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-4th Edition). This manual is published by The American Psychiatric Association. It defines and sets the criteria for all known mental disorders, including autism. Due to the potential variation and degree of symptoms for autism, it is best diagnosed by a medical professional experienced in assessing and treating individuals with autism.
Diagnostic Criteria for 299.00 Autistic Disorder
- A total of six (or more) items from (1), (2), and (3), with at least two from (1), and one each from (2) and (3):
- qualitative impairment in social interaction, as manifested by at least two of the following:
- marked impairment in the use of multiple nonverbal behaviors such as eye-to-eye gaze, facial expression, body postures, and gestures to regulate social interaction
- failure to develop peer relationships appropriate to developmental level
- a lack of spontaneous seeking to share enjoyment, interests, or achievements with other people (e.g., by a lack of showing, bringing, or pointing out objects of interest)
- lack of social or emotional reciprocity
- qualitative impairments in communication as manifested by at least one of the following:
- delay in, or total lack of, the development of spoken language (not accompanied by an attempt to compensate through alternative modes of communication such as gesture or mime)
- in individuals with adequate speech, marked impairment in the ability to initiate or sustain a conversation with others
- stereotyped and repetitive use of language or idiosyncratic language
- lack of varied, spontaneous make-believe play or social imitative play appropriate to developmental level
- restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests, and activities, as manifested by at least one of the following:
- encompassing preoccupation with one or more stereotyped and restricted patterns of interest that is abnormal either in intensity or focus
- apparently inflexible adherence to specific, nonfunctional routines or rituals
- stereotyped and repetitive motor manners (e.g., hand or finger flapping or twisting, or complex whole-body movements)
- persistent preoccupation with parts of objects
- Delays or abnormal functioning in at least one of the following areas, with onset prior to age 3 years: (1) social interaction, (2) language as used in social communication, or (3) symbolic or imaginative play.
- The disturbance is not better accounted for by Rett’s Disorder or Childhood Disintegrative Disorder.
Autism Frequently Asked Questions
What are common signs of autism?
Are there early signs of autism?
What is autism?
What is PDD?
What are the five pervasive developmental disorders?
What is discrete trial?
What is positive reinforcement?
What is negative reinforcement?
What is picture exchange communication system?
How is funding from foundations distributed?
What is the Autism Research Institute?
What is the Doug Flutie Jr. Foundation?
What grants and programs are offered by the Doug Flutie, Jr. Foundation?
What is the Autism Society of America Foundation?
What scholarships are available through ASA?
What is the Special Needs Trust for Autism
What is the Autism Scholarship Program?
How can sign language help in the community setting?
How are visual schedules used in community settings?
Can PECS be used effectively in the community setting?
How are social stories used to prepare for a community setting?
What is safety awareness?
How do families prepare for outings in the community setting.
What different educational settings are available for autisitc children?
What is IDEA?
What is an IEP?
What is the therapist's role in the classroom setting.
How does a therapist encourage the child to pay attention in class?
How can teachers help students make smooth transitions between activities?
How are social goals addressed in the school setting?
What are visual teaching strategies?
Are there basic tips for teachers who have autisitic students in their classrooms?
Are there books about autism in the classroom?
What problems are in the home environment?
What is Wraparound in the home?
How is communication addressed in the home environment?
What are some strategies to encourage compliant behavior at home?
How can families deal with negative behavior in the home?
What is non-negotiable behavior?
Why are self help skills a challenge in the home environment
What are sensory issues?
Why do some researchers think that autism may be genetic?
What chromosomes are thought to be linked to autistic disorder?
What is mid technology?
How is technology used in the treatment of autism?
What is video modeling?
What are the benefits of using technology in the treament of autism?
Are there drawbacks to using technology in the treatment of autism?
What is the focus of treatments for autism?
What is ABA?
What is the floortime treatment approach?
What is fluency?
What is RDI?
Should the same interventions be used in all cases of autism?
When did autism emerge on the scene of psychology?
What is the DSM-IV?
What are self stimulatory behaviors?
What are sensory systems?
How are sensory integration activities used?
What is the Son Rise Program?
What is the difference between a behavioral and analytical approach?
What is echolalia?
What is TV talk?
When is echolalia used as communication?
Is negative behavior ever a promising occurance?
How can choices help to increase compliant behavior?
How can negative behavior be addressed?
What is the Theory of Mind?
Are there new findings in autism research?
How can I manage a sibling relationship when one has autism?