What is the focus of treatments for autism?
Currently, there is no cure for pervasive developmental disorders. However, a number of treatment approaches have been developed over the years that have yielded great results. The focus on treatment for autism lies in communication, behavior, social interaction and self care. Each individual is different and the treatment that an autistic child receives should be tailored to his specific needs. The approaches should also embrace his strengths to maximize his potential. A treatment plan is typically developed in a collaborative effort. The child's caretakers, caseworkers and doctor build the treatment plan by recognizing the child's needs and strengths and developing goals. The goals are outlined in the individual's treatment plan. The focus of treatment for autism will rest on those goals and the treatment plan outlines specific interventions and strategies that will help the child attain them. When a treatment plan is developed the parents outline specific areas of concern. For example, the child may not use words to access wants and needs. The goal for the child would be: "Child will use words, sign language or gestures to access wants and needs with 80 percent accuracy." The parents are encouraged to prompt the child to use some form of functional communication to access wants and needs. The therapists on staff will engage the child in drills specific to this goal. A common drill that would be used is to prompt the child to sign or say, "want" in the presence of a desired object or activity. When the child follows through, he is immediately given the reward. Typically, the doctor will evaluate the child's progress and determine if the treatment plan needs to be reworked. Meetings are commonly held to evaluate the treatment plan on a quarterly basis. The physician may also prescribe medication in the treatment of autism in some cases.
Autism Frequently Asked Questions
What are common signs of autism?
Are there early signs of autism?
What is autism?
What is PDD?
What are the five pervasive developmental disorders?
What is discrete trial?
What is positive reinforcement?
What is negative reinforcement?
What is picture exchange communication system?
How is funding from foundations distributed?
What is the Autism Research Institute?
What is the Doug Flutie Jr. Foundation?
What grants and programs are offered by the Doug Flutie, Jr. Foundation?
What is the Autism Society of America Foundation?
What scholarships are available through ASA?
What is the Special Needs Trust for Autism
What is the Autism Scholarship Program?
How can sign language help in the community setting?
How are visual schedules used in community settings?
Can PECS be used effectively in the community setting?
How are social stories used to prepare for a community setting?
What is safety awareness?
How do families prepare for outings in the community setting.
What different educational settings are available for autisitc children?
What is IDEA?
What is an IEP?
What is the therapist's role in the classroom setting.
How does a therapist encourage the child to pay attention in class?
How can teachers help students make smooth transitions between activities?
How are social goals addressed in the school setting?
What are visual teaching strategies?
Are there basic tips for teachers who have autisitic students in their classrooms?
Are there books about autism in the classroom?
What problems are in the home environment?
What is Wraparound in the home?
How is communication addressed in the home environment?
What are some strategies to encourage compliant behavior at home?
How can families deal with negative behavior in the home?
What is non-negotiable behavior?
Why are self help skills a challenge in the home environment
What are sensory issues?
Why do some researchers think that autism may be genetic?
What chromosomes are thought to be linked to autistic disorder?
What is mid technology?
How is technology used in the treatment of autism?
What is video modeling?
What are the benefits of using technology in the treament of autism?
Are there drawbacks to using technology in the treatment of autism?
What is the focus of treatments for autism?
What is ABA?
What is the floortime treatment approach?
What is fluency?
What is RDI?
Should the same interventions be used in all cases of autism?
When did autism emerge on the scene of psychology?
What is the DSM-IV?
What are self stimulatory behaviors?
What are sensory systems?
How are sensory integration activities used?
What is the Son Rise Program?
What is the difference between a behavioral and analytical approach?
What is echolalia?
What is TV talk?
When is echolalia used as communication?
Is negative behavior ever a promising occurance?
How can choices help to increase compliant behavior?
How can negative behavior be addressed?
What is the Theory of Mind?
Are there new findings in autism research?
How can I manage a sibling relationship when one has autism?